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Calf Strain

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Calf Strain A calf strain is an injury to the muscles in the calf area (the back of the lower leg below the knee). The calf muscle is actually composed of up to 9 separate muscles, any of which can be injured individually or together. Calf …

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Bunion (Hallux Valgus)

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Bunion (Hallux Valgus) A bunion (hallux valgus) is a large bump on the side of the foot that develops at the base of the big toe. It is common for a bunion to become inflamed and swollen, causing foot pain. Although anyone can develop a bunion, …

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Blount’s Disease

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Blount’s Disease Blount’s disease is a growth disorder affecting the shin bone, also called the tibia, and is characterized by the lower leg turning inward, causing the leg to appear bowed below the knee. Blount’s disease can affect toddlers, children, and adolescents. Although the exact cause …

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Biceps Tendon Rupture

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Biceps Tendon Rupture A biceps tendon rupture occurs when the biceps muscle is torn from the bone at the point of attachment (tendon) to the shoulder or elbow. Most commonly, the biceps tendon is torn at the shoulder. These tears occur in men more than women; …

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Biceps Tendinitis

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Biceps Tendinitis Biceps tendinitis is a common cause of shoulder pain, often developing in people who perform repetitive, overhead movements. Biceps tendinitis develops over time, with pain located at the front of the shoulder, and usually worsens with continued activity. When treating biceps tendinitis, physical therapists …

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Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) Every year, millions of people in the United States develop vertigo, a sensation that you or your surroundings are spinning.The sensation can be very disturbing and may increase the risk of falling. If you’ve been diagnosed with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo …

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Benign Hypermobility Joint Syndrome

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Benign Hypermobility Joint Syndrome Benign hypermobility joint syndrome (BHJS) is a hereditary disorder of the connective tissues (ligaments) that results in joints becoming loose throughout the body (hypermobility). Although some degree of hypermobility in children is normal, individuals with BHJS may have persistent laxity (loose ligaments), …

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Below-Knee Amputation

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Below-Knee Amputation Lower-limb amputation is a surgical procedure performed to remove a limb that has been damaged due to trauma or disease. Below-knee or “trans-tibial” amputation comprises 23% of lower-limb amputations. Amputation is possible in any age group, but the prevalence is highest among people aged …

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Bell Palsy

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Bell Palsy There are several causes of facial paralysis, such as tumors of the facial nerve or tumors of the base of the brain, trauma, or a congenital condition (a condition that you’re born with). Bell palsy usually begins with a sudden weakness on one side …

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Pressure Ulcer (Bed Sore)

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Pressure Ulcer (Bed Sore) A pressure ulcer, sometimes called a “bed sore,” is a skin injury that occurs in about 40,000 people every year. Usually, pressure sores happen when people are very ill for a long period of time and are not able to change their …

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