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Low Back Pain

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Low Back Pain If you have low back pain, you are not alone. At any given time, about 25% of people in the United States report having low back pain within the past 3 months. In most cases, low back pain is mild and disappears on …

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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Autism Spectrum Disorder Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience delays in the development of basic skills in specific areas. They have difficulty interacting and communicating socially, and they show limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. Children with ASD may rely on routines, such as putting …

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Physical Therapist’s Guide to Osteoarthritis “Arthritis” is a term used to describe inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and usually is caused by the deterioration of a joint. Typically, the weight-bearing joints are affected, with the knee and the hip being the most …

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is an injury to the knee commonly affecting athletes, such as soccer players, basketball players, skiers, and gymnasts. Nonathletes can also experience an ACL tear due to injury or accident. Approximately 200,000 ACL injuries are …

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Ankylosing Spondylitis

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory disease that causes pain and stiffness in the spine, pelvis, and other joints, like the hips, knees, feet, and shoulders. AS is a chronic (lifelong) disease, and it is hereditary. Although a majority of people who have AS …

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Ankle Sprain

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Ankle Sprain Ankle sprains are common injuries that occur when the foot twists or turns beyond its normal range of movement, causing the ligaments of the ankle to overstretch or tear. It is estimated that 23,000 Americans experience ankle sprains daily. Of all sports injuries in …

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Ankle Impingement

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Ankle Impingement Ankle impingement occurs when either soft or bony tissues are compressed within the ankle joint at the extreme end of a motion, such as pointing the foot sharply downward. It typically affects people who experience forces through their ankle at these “end-range” positions, such …

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Ankle Fracture

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Ankle Fracture An ankle fracture occurs when a bone on 1 or both sides of the ankle is partially or completely broken. Most ankle fractures are caused by twisting injuries and falls, or injuries experienced during sports or play. Under the age of 50, most ankle …

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Alzheimer’s Disease

Physical Therapist’s Guide to Alzheimer’s Disease US population estimates indicate that 5 percent of people over age 65—about 5.2 million—and more than 40 percent of people over the age of 85 have Alzheimer’s disease. Along with memory loss and other cognitive problems, people with Alzheimer’s disease may have difficulty performing …

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